Quail is a small avian species belongs to the Pheasant family.In 1595 first domesticated in Japan. Two species of quail found in India i.e. The Black breasted quail found in Jungle (Coturnix Coromandelica) other species is the Brown color Japanese Quail (Coturnix Coturnix Japonica) which is bred for meat or the one used for commercial Quail production. Quail is fast growing bird with a short generation gap. Quail were first introduced in India in 1974 from California. The Japanese quail is the largest species, it is much smaller then pigeon.
A broiler quail can be sold at 5 weeks. Quail start laying eggs at the age of 6 week, and continue laying eggs up to 24 weeks of age. The meat of quail is consider as delicacy. From the quails meat make different recipes pickled meat, tandoori quail and use as ready to cook meat. Also eggs used to eat as boiled or make egg pickles. Quail requires smaller house compare to chicken. Mostly, commercial chicks are kept in multitier cages, thereby increasing labor efficiency and better utilization of land space.
Another species of quail, Japanese quail (coturnix japonica) have created a big impact in recent years and many quails farms have been established throughout the country both for egg and meat production. It is due to fact that increasing consumer awareness for quality meat, it demanded the production of better quality broiler quail meat. It is of great importance to select the stocks, which have the inherent capacity to yield better quality meat and egg.
Benefits of quail farming
Require minimum space for rearing. Require small capital. Quails are robust bird. Birds can sale at the early age of five weeks. It becomes mature at the age of six to seven weeks then start laying eggs. High rate of clutch up to 280.Quail meat is tasty other than chicken and has low fat content. It promotes body and brain development in young ones.
As per the nutritional criteria, the quail eggs are far better compare to that of chicken eggs. It has low cholesterol percentage. Quail meat and eggs are good for the pregnant women and infant feeding womens.
Quail farming is a cheap enterprise compare to chicken farming. It is useful as choice of food. Quail is the important bird for scientific research. This species can be reared at interior places. It does not require the vaccination and medication. Quail litter has high fertilizer value and can be used for increasing yield of crops. Quail weighs up to 100 gm and lays 100 eggs a year, the Japanese quail weighs up to 250 gm and lays 250 eggs a year.