The peafowl can be produced in many parts of the world because they have a strong structure and adaptability. It has a relatively long neck and a small head, short wings, very strong legs, high claws and average tail length. They have crown-shaped feathers on his head, expanding towards the ends and create a very beautiful image.
The peafowl has 15 known colors: Blue, green, white, purple, cameo, charcoal, opal, bronze, peach, midnight, jade, taupe, sonja's violeta, hazel and indigo.
And they have 5 known body patterns: Barred wing, Black shoulder, Pied, White-eyed, and Silver pied.
The name of the peafowl is used for both sexes. The male is called peacock, the female is peahen and the chick is peachick (Anonymous, 2019d). The only male peacock tail is long and spectacular. The peacock spreads its tail which contains over 200 shimmering feathers like a fan to woo the female in the mating period and is known for its beautiful tail (Figure 6). The tail is the same length as the female for 1-1.5 years. It continues to grow for 5-6 years and can reach 1.5 meters or more.
are considered polygamous. A mature peacock can be mated with five peahens. Peahens must be active and healthy, have good feather quality, straight legs and toes, and clear eyes. After mating, the female starts laying eggs and sits on it for incubation. One peahen lay down about 7-10 eggs a year. Eggs are light brown colored. Hatching takes 28-30 days after the female starts to sit on the eggs.
Peafowls must be kept in rural areas, out of town. Because of their sounds are very high-pitched and disturbing. At least 25 square meters per bird is required for peafowl breeding. This area is important to prevent diseases and to take precaution fighting among birds. And the pens must be at least 2,5 meters high so that the peacock can vent its tail. The tail may be injured if there is not enough space. Wooden pens may be the best way to protect them from the cold and to live comfortably.
Peafowl are omnivorous, consumes insects and vegetation in nature. Popular foods are plant parts, flower petals, seed heads, insects and other arthropods, reptiles, and amphibians. They find and consume the food they need in the natural environment. In captivity peafowl are usually fed a supplemented feed by their caretaker. The young peafowl are needs balanced feed ration including adequate vitamins, trace minerals and amino acids. Turkey rations are perfect feed for peafowl, because their physiology is similar to young turkeys. They can be fed for 4 months with starter (28% protein) and grower feed. The last growth feed (14% protein) can be continued until 1 year of age and can be used for adults.
Young peacock can be fed with millet or mixed small grains. Whole meal cereals can be fed when grown, but only cereals are insufficient for them and need to be fed regularly with vegetables, leaves and grasses that are available in their natural habitats. Peafowls love insects and consume them to meet their protein needs. However, if there are not enough insects, it is necessary to provide a protein supplement that is meat-based feed such as cat food. In addition, their diet should include vitamin and mineral supplements should also be done when needed. Water must have always ready.