Pig farm management guide

Effective pig management involves getting the pig to grow to its optimum weight as quickly as possible and with the least of inputs, while maximizing the quality of the final product - the meat. This basically involves three facets of pig care - shelter, nutrition and health.

Shelter and shade are essential to proper pig management, since pigs do not sweat and therefore have no way of maintaining the right body temperature. If they are definitely not given shade, they might become heat stressed and this would adversely impact their growth. Hence, they has to be provided with the right shelter.

The ideal housing ought to be open in front to allow the proper ventilation, with a pit so you are able to handle the pig manure which you can use as fertilizer for your garden. The area containing the pigs should likewise be securely surrounded to make sure they don't wander off and need to be herded back. You can also consider digging a mud hole in the pen that the pigs will wallow in. The mud serves to keep the pigs warm in winter and cool in summer, and conditions their dry, scaly skin.

Pig management also involves feeding the right food and water. A plentiful fresh water supply is required for the continued health of the pigs; their drinking water should likewise be changed regularly. You might also want to spray down the pigs with a hose once or twice daily to keep them cool. While you can feed the pigs table scraps and spoiled produce, you should supplement this with the right pig feeds that have the right balance of nutrients for optimum growth. You can talk to breeders for the right feeds to give the pigs at particular stages of their development, to ensure that they will produce lean meat, in place of meat with a higher fat content.

Keeping the pigs healthy is in addition a big part of pig management. They ought to be presented a wormer every four weeks to keep them clear of internal leeches. They should likewise get the correct vaccinations from a vet, and their living areas ought to be sprayed and kept clean to get rid of outside leeches.

Finally, pig management also involves the correct handling of the pigs. Pigs are intelligent creatures that should be presented the right sum of attention; otherwise they might become too aggressive and challenging to address when the time comes to bring them to market to be sold or to butcher them.

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