Cattle farming information
When raising cattle there are some problems you might want to avoid. A group of associated diseases might result in abrupt death, specifically
in young, growing cattle. These diseases are Blackleg, Enterotoxemia, etc. Good vaccines are available and cattle ought to be inoculated early in
life with boosters at proper times. Your vet can help you select the correct vaccine and outline a time schedule. This would include a 7-way
Clostridial vaccine at 2-3 months of age and a second booster at weaning.
Respiratory Disease (pneumonia) stress
Weather changes and infectious agents may all be involved and are most common in calves right after weaning. Minimize stress at this time and
offer protection from the elements, such as a shed and windbreak. Create a vaccination program with your vet including IBR (infectious bovine
rhinotracheitis), PI3 (parainfluenza type 3), BRSV (bovine respiratory syncytial virus) and BVD (bovine virus diarrhea). A minimal program for
respiratory disease may include an intra nasal vaccination with IBR and PI3 at 2-3 months of age and a vaccination at weaning containing a
changed live virus (MLV) for IBR, PI3, BRSV, and BVD.
When cattle are grazed on the same pastures every year, internal parasites may become a problem. Under these circumstances deworming is required
to lessen parasite load and allow proper gains. Specific items to use and the time are critical considerations and rely upon your grazing
program. Your local vet is better prepared to provide advice. External parasites of interest include lice, (common in winter) and horn flies
(common in summer). Both must be controlled, and several pesticides and methods of application are available.
Injections of any sort might result in lesions if injected into the muscles. All injections should be presented subcutaneously (under the skin)
when possible. Muscles in the neck can be used if it is required that intramuscular injections be presented. DO NOT make injections into the hind
quarters (rear legs or hip). Be certain to keep records of all remedies and constantly follow the withdrawal times as directed. The directions on
the product will indicate how long the animal has to be withheld from slaughter after use of the specific product. Always follow all directions
on the label.
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