The Different Types of Livestock
The evolution of market and economy has loosely brought the term “livestock” to common language. Key element in a modern agriculture is animal husbandry, which implies raising animals in an agricultural setting. This is because large production of commodities such as food and fiber, which increased profit, necessitated raising domesticated animals in an agricultural setting.
Consequently, livestock is any domesticated animals raised for commercial purposes. Listed below are eight common types of livestock humans today raise for different reasons.
The domesticated pig is in the main farmed for meat such as pork, hotdog, sausages, and bacon to name a couple of. Pigs are rarely employed for fiber since the majority of their species have very little hair covering on their skin. An exception is the Mangalitsa pig, that is known for its woolly-coated skin.
The sheep is one of the oldest animals being domesticated for agricultural reasons. Lamb and hogget or mutton are terms referring to meat of a sheep. Apart from that, their milk are ready for drinking and their wool are marked than other animals'. In addition, sheep are also raised for fleece.
The domestic goat is closely related to sheep. It also is a member of the oldest domesticated animals. They are elevated for meat, milk, skins and hair. Younger goat's meat is known as kid or cabrito and older one's meat is chevon, or “mutton”.
Cattle has been domesticated since the early Neolithic age. Like sheep and goat, they are elevated for meat, milk, and hides. The meat of cattle is known as beef. Cattle also serves as draft animals such as pulling carts and plowing this line of business, although a carabao is mostly made use of in the latter. Other products of cattle include leather and manure for fertilizer. Some countries like India although, cattle are sacred.
The two types of camel—the one-hump Arabian camel and the two-hump Bactrian camel—are both domesticated to create meat, dairy products, and hides. The South American camelids such as llama, alpaca, guanaco and vicuna are also livestock.
The domesticated dog is referred to as man's closest friend; it is the domesticated form of a wolf. Dogs are the most frequent domesticated animal across culture and are useful to early human subsistence. For example, successful emigration happened as a result of sled dogs. Apart from this, they serve many purposes to humankind such as hunting, bodyguards, assisting police and military. It's not ordinary but some cultures also think about the dog's meat as food.
The yak is a common domesticated animal in the Himalayan region. Worth noting although is the existence of a couple of in danger wild yak population. Domesticated yaks are elevated for their meat, dairy products, and fiber. Their dried manure is in addition a substantial fuel source; occasionally it is the only available fuel in the Tibetan plateau.
Donkeys are elevated for their durability and vigor. Although donkeys are group of horses, occasionally they are preferred for their more pungent sense of “self preservation.” Donkeys are stated to be domesticated around the same time as the horse were. They are used in their meat, dairy products, and draught reasons.
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