Breeding Horses As Livestock
Horses are one of the most costly livestock animals raised by farmers especially during these days. That is more than likely because horses can serve varied purposes from farm assistance, to send, to recreational and gambling pursuits.
Through the years, mankind has always treated them with utmost importance. Horses have been highly regarded as animals; thus, the measures in raising them are far better and more tedious than the methods in raising cattle, sheep, and different livestock animals.
Horses have different needs than other animals. Their shelters ought to be appropriately constructed, they should be fed with the right mix of food, and they should be given ample space to adjust. It is in addition imperative that horse raisers allocate a broad acreage where the animals can freely run.
Perhaps, breeding horses is one task that is so intricate. If you are intending to start the initiative, ensure you are well equipped with the required knowledge about the correct way of assisting their reproduction process.
Otherwise, you can hire professional horse breeders who readily would render needed services for the effort. Breeding horses needs much investment as actually raising the adult ones. There are quite a few aspects to be considered and many expenses to undertake.
Before beginning to breed, you must first pick the best candidates from among your stable of horses to be the mare, or the future mother of foals. There are quite a few considerations that ought to be stared at when opting for the mare.
First, the lady-horse should be physically healthy. There are ideal body weight and height that would help make sure that a mare is the ideal candidate for the initiative. Second, the reproductive health of the mare should likewise be ensured.
Finding the stallion
When the ideal mare candidate is chosen, it makes sense that there ought to be an equally perfect stallion. Stallions are the male horses that would mate with the mare to produce offspring. Similarly to picking out the mare, the stallion should likewise be healthy enough to ensure the foals to be produced would be in good fitness.
The stallion should be at the right and recommended age when it mates with the mare so the genes and seminal condition would be ideal for reproduction. Some horse owners allow colts to have a go at mating with mares, but often, these actions result to unimpressive quality of foals.
Age is an essential factor when looking at the ideal candidates for horse breeding. In mares, fillies, or young female horses can start the cycle of reproduction when they reach the age of 18 months. They can give bear foals when they reach at least two years.
As for colts, or young male horses, they can mate with any female horse whenever they develop the instinct to do so. Although, when colts are thought of as young stallions, they should be assisted by professional breeders to guide them on proper positioning to shoot their sperm perfectly into where it ought to be.
Pregnancy of the mare
Mares carry the foals inside their womb for about 11 months, or roughly 340 days. Although, as for the fillies and the colts, pregnancy duration can vary. It is a well- known fact that the mare would almost always deliver the filly on time. Without a doubt, if the foal is a colt, the pregnancy is normally and typically extended for a few more days.
Interestingly, mares can also carry foals inside their wombs for about three to four weeks from their due date for foal delivery. If the pregnancy lasts extended than that, seek proper veterinary or expert help. For premature foals, they can still survive under intensive care after a 310-day gestation period. That is akin to human baby's incubator period for premature babies.
Taking care of the pregnant mare
The fetal expansion of foal is briskest during the last three months of the pregnancy period of the mare. It is suggested that during this time, the horse breeder should guarantee that the mare would take in ample food rich in protein for better fetal development.
Professionals state that pregnant mares can still be ridden during the first 6 months of pregnancy, Beyond that, leave the mare freely so it can adjust and relieve itself whenever it feels soreness because of pregnancy. If you aim to produce healthy generations of this livestock, be certain to follow such directives.
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